An Exploratory Study on Psychologically Sustainable Environment in Asia

Research Project , Research Report 2006

Susumu Yamaguchi Department of Social Psychology, Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology,University of Tokyo
Hiroaki Morio Department of Social Psychology, Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology,University of Tokyo
Ai Fukuzawa Department of Social Psychology, Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology,University of Tokyo
Takafumi Sawaumi Department of Social Psychology, Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology,University of Tokyo

Abstract

Psychologically sustainable environment can be defined as an environment where people live with a high sense of psychological well-being. In two studies we examined the structure and correlates of psychological well-being among Japanese. The results of Study 1 indicated that “autonomy” has a unique character as a component of psychological well-being among Japanese. Likewise, the results of Study 2 indicated that personal control, which is closely related to autonomy, is least preferred as a means of control. These results, as well as the results of informal interviews in Malaysia and those about Chinese, point to the cultural differences in psychological well-being, such that the relationship between autonomy and psychological well-being is different in Asia.

Keywords:

psychological well-being, control, autonomy