Psychologically sustainable environment can be defined as an environment where people live with a high sense of psychological well-being. In two studies we examined the structure and correlates of psychological well-being among Japanese. The results of Study 1 indicated that “autonomy” has a unique character as a component of psychological well-being among Japanese. Likewise, the results of Study 2 indicated that personal control, which is closely related to autonomy, is least preferred as a means of control. These results, as well as the results of informal interviews in Malaysia and those about Chinese, point to the cultural differences in psychological well-being, such that the relationship between autonomy and psychological well-being is different in Asia.
psychological well-being, control, autonomy