Asian Determinants of Psychologically Sustainable Environment: From the Perspective of Self-Esteem

Research Project , Research Report 2007

Susumu Yamaguchi Department of Social Psychology, Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology, University of Tokyo
Hiroaki Morio Department of Social Psychology, Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology,University of Tokyo
Ai Fukuzawa Department of Social Psychology, Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology, University of Tokyo

Abstract

In psychologically sustainable environment individuals are supposed to be able to maintain self-esteem, which has been found to be positively correlated with psychological well-being across cultures. In the present study, we focused on the effect of fluctuation in self-esteem and its relationship with motivations for self-improvement and achievement. Undergraduate students were asked to report their daily self-esteem as well as a questionnaire about self-improvement and achievement motivations. The results showed that the fluctuation of daily self-esteem is positively related to both motivation for achievement and self-improvement, indicating that fluctuation of self-esteem can be beneficial for psychological well-being. The result further suggests that individuals to heighten or lower their self-esteem in response to events relevant to self-evaluation in sustainable psychological environment.

Keywords:

self-esteem, self-improvement motivation, achievement motivation, well-being