Economic Globalization and Food Security

Research Project , Research Report 2008

Masayoshi Honma Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, Univ. of Tokyo
Katsuhiro SAITO Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences, Univ. of Tokyo
Hirotaka MATSUDA Integrated Research Systemfor Sustainability Science(IR3S) / Transdisciplinary Initiative for Global Sustainability (TIGS), Univ. of Tokyo

Abstract

In recent years, the global economies have been faced with steep rising price. One of the causes of steep rising price of food are the money inflow into commodity futures market from oil market and the investment market of housing at the United States. The food demand changing of BRICs in which Brazil, Russia, India and China are involved and emerging economies is the biggest factor of steep rising price of food. This will bring the structural change into the world food market. The fourth report of IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) indicates the possibility of drought, temporary flood, water shortage and transition of suitable land for agricultural production in the future. Agricultural production is not only carried through under these, the global environmental problem, but also the affect of agricultural production to the global environment has to be minimized. The aim of this research is considering the possibility of attaining the sustainable agricultural production which may minimize the influence of agricultural production to the global environment and which may keep pace to food demand changing and population increase from reviewing present studies, especially focus on Biofuels and water issues. The sustainability science perspective is appropriated in order to consider the shape of sustainable agricultural production.

Keywords:

food security, agricultural production, biofuels, water resources, sustainability science,