Inter-disciplinary Research on the Environment and Trade in WTO Era

Research Project , Research Report 2002

Makoto INOUE Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Science, Univ. of Tokyo
Hiroyuki ISHI Ambassador to Zambia
Hidetoshi YAMASHITA Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, Univ. of Tokyo
Satoshi TACHIBANA Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute
Michikazu KOJIMA Institute of Developing Economies, JETRO

Abstract

Many countries have negotiated the further liberalization of agricultural, forest and fishery products and the relationship between WTO rule and multinational environmental agreements (MEAs), in the new round of WTO since November 2001. Further liberalization of agricultural and forestry products may cause environmental degradation in Asia. In addition, most of Asian countries ratified several MEAs, which instruments were environmental trade measures. If WTO conclude that environmental trade measures are contradicted with WTO rule, protection of endangered species and control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes are threatened. This Study focuses on forestry sector and transboundary movements of hazardous waste. In the first section, the current status of trade of forest products and waste are summarized. In the second section, labeling, which is introduced in forest products, and environmental trade measures, which is applied to hazardous waste, are investigated. In the third section, relationships between such measures and rule under WTO are discussed. Since enforcement of environmental regulations in Asia are weak, first priority should be put on environmental protection policy including environmental trade measures rather than on trade liberalization policy.

Keywords:

the Environment and Trade, WTO, Asia, Environmental Trade Measures