The Previous methods of education methods can be divided into two types. The first is the method of knowledge transfer, the second is the one with only practice. By either type of education method we cannot know own possibility and mechanism of self-learning and self-recognition, which may be characteristic of human beings. This study shows new type of education system to “know thyself (gnothi seauton), which was introduced to 3000 first?year students of the University of Tokyo from the academic year of 2006. The program, which consists of five essential components to the understanding of our own body and existence, is as follows; we should know 1) the gaps of expectation and reality, 2) human standing and walking system, 2) running intensity to keep global homeostasis, 4) cell unity as an autonomous life system, and 5) resuscitation principle. In particular we focus on and discuss the importance of two new fields of recently developed life and brain sciences that had not been academically recognized in the physical education learning. Only human beings can learn and realize ourselves through scientific visualization of “own action” and representation of their own activities with words. This method is based on recent life and brain scientific knowledge of “activity (use-,output-)-dependent gene expression system”, epigenetic mechanism, cell theory, and protein homeostasis. This new management of oneself through action with scientific visualization of our body-mind system can be regarded as “human sustainability” and constitute one part of the area of “Alliance for Global Sustainability”.
health education, gnothi seauton (know thyself), homeostasis, expectation-reality gaps, posture, homeostasis, human sustainability, activity-dependent gene expression, the cell