Political and Administrative Approach to Resource and Environmental Studies

Research Project , Research Report 2006

Jin SATO Dep. of International Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, Univ. of Tokyo
Tomohiro OH Dep. of International Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, Univ. of Tokyo

Abstract

This research attempts to highlight political and administrative dimensions of environment and resource governance by taking an example from the activities of Resource Research Council(資源調査会)in post-war Japan. The paper begins by reviewing the evolution of resource concept in Japan and how this concept was utilized by the military as a convenient term to neutralize its aggression against China and other Asian countries. After the defeat of the WWII, Japan was forced to make a democratic turn which drastically re-directed the way resources where governed. Resource Committee (which later became Resource Research Council) played an important role in directing the benefit of resources to the improvement of population. History of resource administration in Japan reveals interesting aspects of how relevant knowledge was mobilized and integrated.

Keywords:

Metro-Manila, Bangkok, land condition, land use changes, flood hazard