Secondary Effects of Infrastructure and Consequence of its Impact on Society

Research Project , Research Report 2006

Takayuki MINATO  Assoc. Prof., Dep. of International Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, Univ. of Tokyo
Research Partner JSPS Post Doctoral Student, Dep. of International Studies, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, Univ. of Tokyo

Abstract

This paper focuses on “social adaptation” of infrastructure that how people use it and what influences it affects on peoples’ behavior. This is beyond the scope of traditional views within which the rationale for engineering criteria such as shapes, strength, durability, etc. are of major concerns to justify physical functions and cost-benefits in living, traveling, communicating, etc. The underlying premise is that there are sometimes unforeseen, unexpected gain (or loss) related to environment, social justice, culture, etc., or “secondary effects,” upon utilization of infrastructure. In this regard, secondary effects are the constituent that should be given attention in considering the meaning of infrastructure, by which people adjust, transform, and even strengthen their interests and beliefs in making decisions.
Our research depends on “technological politics” as theoretical base, and develops discussion of viewing infrastructure through the lenses of disciplines other than traditional logic. Then, case studies are presented to describe the significance of considering the aspects of social adaptation of infrastructure with regard to sustainability.

Keywords:

Technology, Infrastructure, Social Adaptation, Secondary Effects