Understanding and Experimenting the Green Dynamics of Sustainable Technologies, Actions, and Institutions

Research Project , Research Report 2002

Hideaki SHIROYAMA Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, University of Tokyo
Tatsujiro SUZUKI Senior Research Fellow, Central Electricity Research Institute
Masaru YARIME Research Associate, Research Center for Advanced Economic Engineering, University of Tokyo
Lawrence SUSSKIND Ford Professor, Urban and Environmental Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
David LAWS Lecturer, Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Roland SCHOLZ Professor, Natural and Social Science Interface, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich
Olaf WEBER Research Associate, Natural and Social Science Interface, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich
Daniel FAVRAT Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne
Yohan WOXENIUS Professor, Department of Logistics, Chalmers University

Abstract

In the process of developing sustainable technologies, institutional foundations, interactions between government policies and corporate strategy as well as internal improvement of technologies are critically important. To explore the complex phenomena, case studies have been conducted on the development and diffusion of the gas turbine, wind farms, hybrid car, and compressed natural gas vehicle. Factors which have been identified as important include the development and maintenance of generic technologies, continuous evaluations of technologies and their feedback, strategic commitment of the top management, mutual coordination of the behaviors of diverse actors including the users, producers, and infrastructure providers, balance in the provision of incentives with government regulation and deregulation.

Keywords:

government policy, corporate strategy, institution, generic technology, gas turbine, hybrid car, compressed natural gas vehicle